JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery
Mission Statement:JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery provides timely information for physicians and scientists concerned with diseases of the head and neck. Given the diversity of structure and function based in this anatomic region, JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery publishes clinical, translational, and population health research from an array of disciplines. We place a high priority on strong study designs that accurately identify etiologies, evaluate diagnostic strategies, and distinguish among treatment options and outcomes. Our objectives are to (1) publish original contributions that will enhance the clinician’s understanding of otolaryngologic disorders, benefit the care of our patients, and stimulate research in our field; (2) forecast important advances within otolaryngology—head and neck surgery, particularly as they relate to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease through clinical and translational research, including that of the human genome and novel imaging techniques; (3) address questions of clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness that result from clinical intervention, which grow in importance as health care providers are increasingly challenged to provide evidence of enhanced survival and quality of life; (4) provide expert reviews of topics that keep our readers current with true advances and also to provide a valuable educational resource for trainees in the several disciplines that treat patients with diseases of the head and neck; (5) serve as a forum for the concerns of otolaryngologists such as socioeconomic, legal, ethical, and medical issues; (6) provide helpful critiques that enable contributing authors to improve their submissions. We encourage a concise presentation of information and employ an abstract format that efficiently assesses validity and relevance from a clinical perspective. This approach promotes succinct yet complete presentation for our readers and electronic information resources. We believe this approach typifies the commitment of JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery to providing important information that is easily interpreted by its diverse readership.
August Issue Highlights
Errors in Author Affiliations
In the Original Investigation titled “Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Using Preoperative Computed Tomographic Lymphography and Intraoperative Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging in Patients With Localized Tongue Cancer,” published online June 27, 2019, there were errors in the author affiliations section. The Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences is in Niigata, Japan, not Akita, Japan, as the previous affiliation indicated. Dr Honda’s affiliation has also been corrected to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan. This article was corrected online.
Misspelled Author Names in Byline
In the Review article titled “Perioperative Care of Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Undergoing Upper Airway Surgery: A Review and Consensus Recommendations,” published online June 27, 2019, 2 author names were misspelled. “J. Pieter van Maanen, MD, Ph
D” should have been “J. Peter van Maanen, MD, Ph
D” and “Sabin Maes, MD” should have been “Sabine Maes, MD.” This article was corrected online.
Perioperative Care of Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Undergoing Upper Airway Surgery
01-08-2019 – Ravesloot ML, de Raaff CL, van de Beek MJ, et al.
This review uses the Amsterdam Delphi Method to compare patients with obstructive sleep apnea with reference groups undergoing non–upper airway surgery and to assess risk for increased pulmonary complications, oxygen desaturation, difficult intubation, cardiac complications, and atrial fibrillation.
Obstruction Patterns During Drug-Induced vs Natural Sleep Endoscopy in Sleep Apnea
01-08-2019 – Park D, Kim J, Heo S.
This cohort study evaluates findings from drug-induced vs natural sleep tests for adults with sleep-disordered breathing, including degrees and types of upper-airway collapse.
Use of CT Lymphography and Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging in Localized Tongue Cancer
01-08-2019 – Honda K, Ishiyama K, Suzuki S, et al.
This cohort study evaluates the identification rate of sentinel lymph nodes using a novel technique of combined preoperative computed tomographic (CT) lymphography and intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence for localized tongue cancers.
New Developments in Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Procedure in Localized Oral Cancer
01-08-2019 – de Bree R, Dankbaar J, de Keizer B.
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) concept is based on the premise that lymph flow from the primary tumor travels sequentially to the SLN and then on to the other regional lymph nodes. The histopathologic status of this node should reflect the histopathologic status of the entire nodal basin, and additional treatment of the nodal basin (eg, neck dissection) is routinely performed in case of metastatic involvement of the SLN. Localized (c
T1-2N0) oral cancer with negative SLN findings, however, would justify a wait and see policy, avoiding unnecessary elective neck dissections and the associated shoulder morbidity, hospital stay, costs, and loss of barrier for tumor spread in case of recurrence or second primary head and neck tumor.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy vs Medical Therapy for Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss
01-08-2019 – Bayoumy AB, Lammet van der Veen E, Alexander de Ru J.
This Viewpoint provides support for using hyperbaric oxygen therapy within 24 to 48 hours to treat sudden sensorineural hearing loss.
Safety and Tolerability of Bacteriophage Therapy for Staphylococcus aureus Chronic Rhinosinusitis
01-08-2019 – Ooi M, Drilling A, Morales S, et al.
This phase 1 clinical trial assesses the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of ascending multiple intranasal doses of the investigational phage cocktail AB-SA01 in patients with recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis due to Staphylococcus aureus.
Trends in Diagnostic Flexible Laryngoscopy and Videolaryngostroboscopy Utilization
01-08-2019 – Itamura K, Hur K, Kokot NC, et al.
This cross-sectional study describes national- and state-level diagnostic flexible laryngoscopy and videolaryngostroboscopy utilization and payment trends from 2000 to 2016 in the US Medicare population.
Occult Nodal Disease and Occult Extranodal Extension in Patients With Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
01-08-2019 – McMullen CP, Garneau J, Weimar E, et al.
This multicenter cohort study evaluates the rate of occult extranodal extension and postoperative nodal upstaging among patients with localized oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated by transoral robotic surgery with neck dissection.
Prognostic Case Volume Thresholds in Patients With Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
01-08-2019 – Torabi SJ, Benchetrit L, Kuo Yu P, et al.
This cohort study uses data from the US National Cancer Database to report the association of patient survival with treatment facility case volume thresholds among patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Among Children and Young Adults in Fukushima, Japan—Reply
01-08-2019 – Ohtsuru A, Takahashi H, Kamiya K.
In Reply In our observational study, we comprehensively assessed the characteristics of thyroid cancer screened by ultrasonography among children and young adults with 2 rounds of examination during the first 5 years after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident.
Massive Scalp Cylindromas Treated With Staged Resection and Split-Thickness Skin Grafting
01-08-2019 – Shearer A, Vidholia A, Jensen C, et al.
This case report describes a woman in her 60s who presented with many large scalp cylindroma tumors.
Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Among Children and Young Adults in Fukushima, Japan
01-08-2019 – Akabayashi A, Nakazawa E, Ino H.
To the Editor In the January issue, Ohtsuru et al reported the incidence of thyroid cancer among children in Fukushima, Japan, within 5 years (by second round) after the accident. An Invited Commentary by Bauer and Davies accompanied the article. We have 2 serious concerns.
Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Among Children and Young Adults in Fukushima, Japan
01-08-2019 – Suzuki K, Toki H, Wada T.
To the Editor In the January issue, Ohtsuru et al suggest that large-scale mass screening using ultrasonography of the thyroid can identify many detectable cancers from a large pool of nonclinical and subclinical thyroid cancers among young persons in an age-dependent manner, comparing the differences in the age-conditional incidence rate between the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) for children and young adults within 5 years of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident and the age-conditional incidence rate estimate.
Association Between Red Blood Cell Width and Modified Frailty Index—Reply
01-08-2019 – Wootten CT.
In Reply We thank Dr Lin for the thoughtful review of the utility of the Modified Frailty Index (m
FI) to stratify the frailty of surgical patients, as well as for highlighting the correlation between the m
FI and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in patients with coronary artery disease. With that correlation in mind, the proposal that the 2 markers may share a common pathophysiology in adults undergoing airway reconstruction is an interesting one. Accordingly, we reanalyzed the data set. Logistic regression using Newton-Raphson algorithm between m
FI and RDW demonstrated low correlation (0.37). Multicolinearity analysis between m
FI, RDW, and prosthesis-free breathing failed to demonstrate correlation.
Association Between Red Blood Cell Width and Modified Frailty Index
01-08-2019 – Lin Y.
To the Editor We read with great interest the article titled “Association Between Red Blood Cell Distribution Width and Outcomes of Open Airway Reconstruction Surgery in Adults” by Xie et al. They concluded that higher pretreatment red blood cell width is associated with lower prosthesis-free breathing after open airway procedures.
18 F-Fluorocholine Positron Emission Tomography–Computed Tomography and Hyperparathyroidism
01-08-2019 – Boccalatte L, Higuera F, Gómez N, et al.
This systematic review of 16 English-language studies compares measures of diagnostic accuracy of 18F-fluorocholine positron emission tomography–computed tomography with other imaging modalities in locating parathyroid glands to facilitate minimally invasive surgery.
Perforation of the Hard Palate
01-08-2019 – Dahal U, Kirn T, Bhowmick T.
A man with a perforation of the hard palate was admitted following 3 weeks of dysphagia; 1 week of nasal regurgitation, nonproductive cough, and breathy voice; a 25-pound weight loss over the preceding 2 months; and a 1-year history of HIV infection and hepatic tuberculosis. What is your diagnosis?
An Exophytic Dorsolateral Tongue Mass in a Young Patient
01-08-2019 – Meleca JB, Shah AA, Lorenz RR.
A young woman developed a large, painful mass on her tongue after bite trauma. Histopathologic examination showed ulceration, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, and acute and chronic inflammation with eosinophils. What is your diagnosis?